Patients of all ages visiting Latvia’s clinics can receive a diagnosis of the health of their eyes and vision, and treatment of illnesses, ranging from the complaints of the very youngest patients to complex eye operations such as corneal transplants. A wide range of sight correction options are available. Clinics specialise in diagnosing and treating cataracts, glaucoma, and eye alignment problems, as well as eye ailments caused by sugar diabetes. They also perform eyelid plastic surgery for both aesthetic reasons and because of medical indications.
Foreign patients rate the services received at Latvia’s clinics highly, because they receive complex examinations for an affordable price. In the process of treating patients, Latvia’s ophthalmologists use equipment and methods that guarantee maximum comfort for patients.
Many parents are amazed to discover that it is even possible to examine the sight of a new born baby. An experienced ophthalmologist can assess the sight of a child that has not yet learned to talk by examining the way in which the child looks at things and follows and bright lights and small toys. Children often do not complain about vision problems, because they have nothing to compare them to. Small children may not even notice that their sight in one eye is poor, because they can compensate its poor sight with the other eye. Illnesses discovered early or deviations from the normal development of vision and eye health make it possible to attain the best treatment result possible.
High Definition Vision sight correction is a form of refractive surgery for correcting short-sightedness, far-sightedness and astigmatism without a laser. The procedure means that the patient can forget about glasses and contact lenses forever, because during treatment, special lenses are inserted into the patient’s eyes, which help to correct his sight. The main advantages of this sight correction method are that the procedure is gentle and reversible, with high vision quality indicators and a very short post-operation recovery period.
Procedure: A lens (ICL) Made from a special material – collamer – is inserted into the eye through a tiny three millimetre opening between the iris and the eye’s natural lens, where it opens fully and can remain for life without any special care. Visually, the lens cannot be seen, nor can it be felt. If necessary, an eye surgeon can remove the lens from the eye, because ICL does not change the eye or eye cornea tissue.
Result: Long-term sight correction. Clinical study results show that 99% of patients are satisfied with the post-operation results.
Glaucoma is a progressive eye disease that causes changes to the vision nerve. It is one of the main causes of blindness. Damage caused by glaucoma is irreversible, but if commenced in a timely manner, treatment can prevent the possibility of further damage and save the patient’s sight.
In the initial stage of its development, treatment for this ailment is usually provided in the form of prescribed eye drops and regular monitoring of eye pressure. In order to get good results, medicines must be used regularly and continually. If the patient does not tolerate medicines very well, or these do not reduce eye pressure, an operation is required.
Procedure: In simple cases – laser procedure; in complicated cases – surgical intervention in order to create the necessary drainage channel.
Result: Prevents subsequent progression of the illness and further damage.
A cataract is cloudiness within the eye’s transparent lens, when it is hard for it to be penetrated by light and the patient’s vision clouds over. If the cloudiness has formed further away from the centre of the lens, it is possible not event to notice the existence of a cataract. During the initial stage of the development of a cataract, glasses can help a patient, but if loss of vision caused by the cataract disrupts the patient’s daily work, an operation is required.
Procedure: During the operation, the cloudy lens is removed from the eye. In order to restore clear vision, the removed lens is replaced with an artificial lens that is clear and transparent. It is also possible for the patient to wear contact lenses, which are placed over the eyes, or powerful glasses.
Result: In 90% of cases, it is possible to restore vision to the state in which it was before the onset of the illness.
Strabismus is a pathology, which impairs the harmonised functioning of the eyes. The patient suffers from double vision, as well as losing the ability to see objects stereoscopically and to perceive depth. Oftentimes, the acuity of vision in the misaligned eye decreases, which causes problems when it comes to ascertaining one’s bearings within the surrounding environment. Asymmetric functioning of the eyes is pathological and does not pass even with age.
Procedure: During the course of eye alignment surgery, the muscles controlling the movement of eyes are impacted. The muscle, whose impact is too powerful, is relaxed during the operation, while the muscle whose functioning is too weak is strengthened. If the objective is not only to improve the patient’s visual appearance, but also cooperation between the two eyes, the operation should be carried out as soon as possible. In order to achieve this, several operations may be required.
Result: An operation can help to achieve a significant improvement in the visual appearance of the eye.
The cornea is part of the eye’s fibrous and transparent coating’s frontal and optic system. Its task is to protect the eye from mechanical damage and infections. More often than not, cornea damage is caused by eye corneal infection and herniation. The cornea can also become cloudy after a cataract or other eye operations, particularly if the patient’s eye tissue turns out to be fragile and delicate.
The ophthalmologist’s first solution could be so-called “emergency method”, when the doctor tries to apply contact lenses. This is not always effective. If medicines do not help, a cornea transplant is required.
Procedure: It is possible to perform two types of cornea transplant operations.
Result: DMEK has significantly improved transplant results for patients with corneal endothelial damage.
At the clinic, eye plastic surgery is conducted not only due to medical indications, but also in cases, when this is a consideration for the improvement of the outer appearance of the eye. It is used in order to prevent slipped eyelids and bags under the eyes making a person look older than their years, so that the patient does not appear tired without reason, as well as oftentimes to prevent the patient’s sight from being impaired.
Changes of a medical nature are such that cause vision impairments. For example, excessive skin folds usually affect older people, which causes impairments to the patient’s field of vision; a real slippage of the eyelid ptosis, which covers the pupil partly or even fully.
The group of problems of a cosmetic nature include all eyelid changes that do not affect human health. For example, this category includes an excessive eyelid skin fold that has formed over the years, making the patient look tired. Another example is “bags” above and below the eyes. Another problem of a cosmetic nature is small eyelid skin growth, most often papillomas, which do not affect the eye pupil, tiny benign cysts, as well as small yellow growths within the skin of the eyelid, which are usually cholesterol or other lipid deposits.
An eye prosthesis is an invaluable aid for any person who needs to fill his eye cavity. Every prosthesis in a unique example of handcraft, which testifies to the specialist’s skills and is comparable to a work of art, which it is impossible to replicate. The guaranteed quality of current edge technology and outstanding skills of specialists ensure an outstanding cosmetic effect and maximum functionality, which allows the patient to seamlessly blend in with the surrounding environment.
Procedure: modern instruments ensure that prostheses are made quickly and are extremely durable. Depending on the chosen material, eye prostheses are produced within 1–3 days. Every prosthesis is given a two year technical durability warrantee. For example, eye prostheses made from cryolite glass are produced using high-class materials of German origin with flawless quality, which are more durable and can serve the patient for 5-7 years. Moreover, they stand out because of their ability to eradicate a cosmetic defect at the highest level.
Result: prostheses have not only cosmetic, but also medical prophylactic functions, as a result of which permanent use of prostheses is compulsory.
Does vision correction provide permanent results?
There are several ways to perform vision correction surgery – by implanting a vision improving lens into the eye, and by changing the shape of the eye with a laser. Laser surgery is one of the most effective procedures for vision correction. After the procedure, the results are permanent. Vision correction with a lens implant, too, provides lasting results, but the procedure itself is reversible, meaning the implanted lens can be removed if necessary.
What types of vision correction procedures are available?
There are two main types of vision correction – lens implant and laser correction. Lens surgery means inserting an intraocular Collamer lens into the eye. The lens is non-removable and provides a consistently excellent vision. This procedure is reversible. The other type of vision correction is laser vision correction. There are several types of procedures available – LASIK, PRK, FEMTO-LASIK, SMILE, etc. Each type of laser correction has its own nuances, and the doctor will evaluate the most suitable and appropriate method together with the patient.
How much does vision correction surgery cost?
The price of vision correction depends on the chosen procedure and the required additional services. Vision correction prices are usually per eye and can range from an average of 500 to 1,900 euros, depending on the type of procedure.
Is vision correction surgery available for children?
There is a wide range of eye health related services available to children, but laser correction for children is usually not performed because vision has not yet stabilized and the eyeball is still developing. Vision correction surgery patients must be at least 18 years old, and their vision must be constant for at least one year. More detailed information will be provided by the eye doctor, and a vision test will be performed to determine the diagnosis.
What to consider when choosing vision correction surgery?
Although laser vision correction is a barely invasive—almost cosmetic—procedure, it requires both the preparation and the postoperative period of several days with a special regimen to be followed. For example, for a certain period of time after laser correction it is advised to avoid straining the eyes, cosmetics, bright lights, driving, and dust. Whereas after lens implantation, the vision improvement can be felt immediately, and it stabilizes completely within 1 week. It is important to plan a day without driving after the procedure, as your vision may still be blurred. There are other restrictions to follow over the first few weeks; however, after the postoperative period you can return to your everyday life and enjoy your new sharp vision.
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Maskavas iela 241, Latgales priekšpilsēta, Riga, LV-1019
Duntes iela 15a, Ziemeļu rajons, Riga, LV-1005
Augusta Deglava iela 12a, Latgales priekšpilsēta, Riga, LV-1009
Brīvības gatve 410, Vidzemes priekšpilsēta, Riga, LV-1024