The territory of Latvia is rich in natural resources and healing mineral water springs, which have been used in medicine for centuries and which have attracted the interest of foreigners. By the end of the 18th century, an extensive range of resort medical institutions had been established in Latvia, and the accrued experience of the country’s top physicians combined with modern methods and state-of-the-art technology guarantee an effective patient rehabilitation process.
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Clinics in Latvia provide services to patients who require rehabilitation and medical care in hospital after various diseases, injuries and during periods in which chronic illnesses become more acute.
In accordance with the assessment of the assessment of the general condition of the patient, an individual rehabilitation plan will be drawn up, which can include many different treatment methods: physiotherapy, ergotherapy, balneotherapy (mineral water baths and other water treatments), peloid therapy (mud application, mud – hydrogen sulphide baths), physical therapy (classical massage, salt therapy, electric treatments, magnet therapy, ultrasound treatments, etc.), nutritional therapy, horse riding therapy – therapeutic horse riding, music therapy and psychotherapy.
Robotic rehabilitation equipment is used to aid the recovery of patients after spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis patients, as well as other patients with significant mobility problems caused by paralysis. Combined treatment and recovery courses are prepared and individual recovery and creation programmes are also devised for women, men and children
Indications for treatment and rehabilitation:
A branch of rehabilitation for reduction of functional ailments, using various physiotherapy technology, individual and group activities, sling therapy, Nordic walking and dosed walks. Physiotherapy is also used during post-operation periods. The physiotherapist’s work with the patient starts the day after the operation or on the day of the operation with the goal of obtaining the very best rehabilitation results after surgical treatment.
A set of exercises aimed at preventive treatment and treatment of various illnesses. Depending on the patient’s state of health, hygienic exercise is performed along with remedial exercise, sports games, various forms of walking, with the corresponding workload. Exercise in water is also widely used. Exercise stimulates the functioning of the heart and lungs, reduces cellulite, improves muscle activity, and develops support and mobility organs. Activities take place in the gym, on the beach or in the swimming pool.
Also known as bond therapy, this treatment is used to in cases of motion-supporting apparatus problems. It increases the power and stamina of muscles, helping to relieve muscular tension and improve joint stability. It is most frequently used to aid the recovery of patients after a stroke, injuries or operations. This therapy is also valuable for prophylactic purposes and improves posture, helps the patient to attain a good level of fitness, as well as helping to prevent back problems early.
Physical medical methods based on the dosed use of electric current and electric and magnetic fields in medical treatment. Helps to relieve nervous diseases, insomnia, overwork, skin problems, and reduces pain, improves metabolism, promoting the regeneration of skin cells and in the treatment of many other ailments.
Physical medical method that is based on the dosed use of natural (sun) or artificial (infrared, visible, ultraviolet or laser) rays in treatment. It stimulates regenerative processes, as well as strengthening immunity and harmonises metabolic processes within the body. Light therapy can help in cases of seasonal depression, controlling changes in appetite, weight increases, a loss of working capacity, and sleep disturbances.
Treatment of infections and painful areas with various frequency, impulse and permanent magnetic fields. The therapeutic methods of magnetic medicine only impact the area being treated locally; they do not enter deep into tissue. This therapy is used to reduce oedema, pain and to normalise blood pressure, etc. If oedema is reduced within tissue, surplus fluid is channelled away from the diseased area via the lymphatic system and the body purifies itself. Blood circulation improves, as do the body’s physical capacities, and the healing process is stimulated after fractures or operations.
This massage is conducted using special apparatus in cases of stomach and gastrointestinal illnesses, injuries to support and motion apparatus, and problems affecting the patient’s nervous system. Massages simultaneously impact the subcutaneous layer of fat, improving the body’s form and strengthening skin. Forms of apparatus massage include vibromassage, hydro massage, vacuum massage and LPG procedures, etc.
Water healing: hydrogen sulphide and bromine mineral water baths, pearl baths, chamber baths, underwater massages, hydro massage pools, as well as pools with cascade and underwater traction, etc. Patients take mineral water baths as well as drinking mineral water. Latvia is rich with sulphur, bromine-salt and sodium mineral waters, which are used for medicinal purposes. Mineral water tones, reduces joint, nerve and muscular infections, prevents allergies, improves blood circulation and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system.
Mud application and mud-hydrogen sulphide baths. The medicinal application of mud (peloids) is used not only during the course of treating illnesses and preventive treatment, but it also benefits the patient’s state of health, reducing psychoemotional tension, as well as heling in cases of infertility.
Ergotherapy helps people with mobility ailments resulting from stroke, head injuries, fractures, peripheral nerve damage, poly injuries, rheumatological diseases, burns, and psychic diseases, enabling patients to participate in everyday activities, without sacrificing their quality of life. Occupational therapists are also available to help people who require advice on environmental accessibility, the application of ergonomic principles within a work environment or during the course of performance everyday activities in the home. The main task of the occupational therapist is to help the patient to master/regain skills that enable him to be independent in the performance of his daily activities.
The goal of rehabilitation is to delay the progression of the illness, the development of invalidity and to boost the patient’s independence in regard to everyday activities. The occupational therapist will help the patient to adapt to new conditions, reducing or eradicating environmental obstacles. Occupational therapists train patients to use technical aid in their daily activities, adapting them, and making arm orthoses from special materials.
HORSE RIDING THERAPY
Horse riding therapy is a treatment method that is conducted using specially trained horses. It includes problem solving in the realms of medical, psychological and social rehabilitation. During therapy, the horse’s rhythmic movements, the warmth of its body, and the collaboration between the therapist and the patient ensure that overall the horse riding therapy has a beneficial impact on the patient’s health. Indications: central and peripheral nervous system illnesses, support and motion organ illnesses, respiratory organ illnesses, heart and blood vessel illnesses; preventive treatment. Horse riding therapy has a beneficial impact for people suffering from chronic stress, heightened anxiety and depression.
Latvia’s rehabilitation centres offer rehabilitation programmes to treat various illnesses. These are individually devised for each patient. Many of them provide for an intensity of 2-4 hours a day 5-7 days a week. During the rehabilitation course, the child’s clinical state and functional problems are assessed and documented. Complications are treated preventively, an individual rehabilitation plan is devised, the patient and his parents are educated and informed, accompanied by social integration and adaptation of treatment aids. Recommendations are made and the patient is included on a dynamic monitoring register.
Internal illness rehabilitation
For children with functional restrictions that occur due to acquired and congenital respiratory organ and heart diseases.
Congenital nervous system and acquired organ damage rehabilitation
For children with motor function ailments, which occur due to congenital damage to the nervous system and acquired organ damage, with the exception of cerebral palsy.
Chromosomal/genetic disease rehabilitation
For children with functional restrictions that occur, because of chromosomal and genetic diseases such as Down Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Angelman Syndrome, muscular dystrophy, and congenital myopathy, etc.
Cystic fibrosis rehabilitation
For children with cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive illness, which affects cells that produce secretions in the upper and lower and respiratory tracts, lungs, stomach and gastrointestinal system, and genitals; thick secretions are produced that reduce functionality within these organ systems.
Cerebral palsy rehabilitation
Cerebral palsy manifests itself in the form of regressive motor function ailments that occur due to damage to the foetus or child’s brain. Rehabilitation centres in Latvia have acquired vast experience working with cerebral palsy patients and their families. Treatment is overseen by highly qualified specialists - experienced experts, who are expert in treating such patients whose problems they treat in a complex manner. It is better to organise rehabilitation services for such children in a way that requires close collaboration between medics, social and educational personnel and the child and his family, resolving a range of important issues.
For children with functional restrictions that occur due to joint damage of an infectious nature.
SPECIALIZED REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES
Patients suffering from various diseases and with varying health problems will require a specially chosen set of rehabilitation services. Therefore, rehabilitation centres have devised specialised programmes, which, in accordance with the patient’s ascertained state of health, are directed towards maximally preserving functional abilities and improving health-related quality of life. Some of the programmes available are as follows:
HEALTH IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMMES:
Such programmes are implemented by a multifunction rehabilitation team comprised of physical and rehabilitation medical doctors, neurologists, internists, cardiologists, traumatologist-orthopaedists, medical nurses, assistant nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, hydrotherapy complex specialists, clinical psychologists, horse riding therapists, technical orthopaedists and many others.
|Rehabilitation doctor’s consultation||from EUR 30|
|Rehabilitation console||from EUR 93|
|Rehabilitation and treatment at a day hospital (1 day)||from EUR 50|
|Occupational therapist’s consultation||from EUR 25|
|Child neurologist’s consultation||from EUR 30|
|Physiotherapy session (45 min.)||from EUR 25|
|Medicinal exercise (30 min)||from EUR 5|
|Overall massage||from EUR 22|
|Underwater traction||from EUR 22|
|Mud-hydrogen sulphide bath||from EUR 14|
|Complex Balneo-mud therapy||from EUR 29|
|Salt therapy||from EUR 6|
|Electrotherapy||from EUR 6|
|Magnetic therapy||from EUR 4|
|Horse riding therapy (20 min)||from EUR 20|
|Sling therapy (60 min)||from EUR 25|
|Erigo robotic training (45 min.)||from EUR 35|
|Ekso GT robotic training (60 min.)||from EUR 50|
|MiraRehab Virtual reality systems (45 min.)||from EUR 20|
|Check-up Video gait analysis||from EUR 50|
Armeo arm rehabilitation system
This robotic process is used as a rehabilitation method with which to exercise arms after injuries and diseases. The therapy requires a high degree of engagement on the part of the patient; the exercises are performed repeatedly and independently. The device is suitable for both adults and children and is easily adaptable for individual patients. The device can be used by patients suffering from various types of neurological ailments (post-stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, geriatric patients, etc.).
Treadmill with a Robowalk support mechanism
Training on a treadmill helps to improve the walking abilities of patients after a stroke, injuries and other diseases. Additional apparatus – a safety arch with rubber cables – allow the patient to feel more secure in a vertical position. A physiotherapist can implement a more targeted and effective course of treatment. The system motivates patients who may feel scared to move or fear of pain under great strain. Patients perform walking training faster and subjecting themselves to less physical strain.
EksoGT walking robot
This unique robotic device helps patients with spinal cord damage to move vertically and to train their legs. The support of the robot allows the patient to move his muscles and stretch his legs. The device makes it easier for the patient to undergo initial mobility training, which is intended to help the patient get around better. The device makes training sessions smarter, because the robot records data, as a result of which it is subsequently possible to analyse how much the patient has moved and how much work has been done by the device. The EksoGT rehabilitation device is used to aid the recovery of patients after spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis patients, as well as other patients with mobility problems caused by paralysis. The robot can only be operated with the help of specialists.
Erigo verticalization device
Suitable for patients recovering from serious injuries and diseases. Technology simulates active leg movements, which makes it possible to ensure early muscular mobilization. Robotic movements enable patients who have been bedridden for a long time to gradually learn to walk again. The device can also be used by patients who are completely paralysed.
Andago is a robotic device that provides safety during gait training. It is a robot that provides stability while walking, at the same time preserving the quality of the patient’s quality, and liberating the patient from the fear of falling. After several intensive training sessions with Andago, the patient will feel confident and will no longer have to use other daily mobility aids. Andago is one of the safest robotic devices, which is intended for intensive gait and balance training, and is particularly recommended for use by patients after a stroke or with a gait deficit caused by various neurological, orthopaedic or cardiovascular illnesses.
Mirerehab virtual reality
Mirarehab is used in rehabilitation for children, orthopaedic, psychiatric, geriatric and neurological patients. With virtual reality device it is possible to improve active and passive mobility, active stability, movement coordination, balance, weight transfer, stereotypical gait, muscular strength, mood, motivation and cognitive abilities.
Virtual reality boost the desire of patients to become more involved in the rehabilitation process. Mirarehab therapy is administered by a certified therapist, who assesses the patient and his abilities to perform the therapy offered by the software, prepares an individual plan and monitors each therapy session.
Individual rehabilitation steps will vary from patient to patient, and the detailed treatment process will be determined by each patient’s medical requirements and state of health. In consultation with specialists, the necessary rehabilitation service plan will be drawn up or the most suitable rehabilitation programme will be chosen.
General rehabilitation process steps are as follows:
The duration of the patient’s visit to Latvia will depend on the contents of the chosen rehabilitation programme – on average, the patient can reckon with a visit lasting 1-2 weeks.