We offer experienced specialists and state of the art technologies to cure oncology diseases.
Breast cancer is one of the most widespread oncologic pathologies in the world. Early detection of cancer plays a really important role in the improvement of treatment and reduction of death rate caused by breast cancer. There are two strategic routes that can be taken in order to boost figures of early cancer detection: to develop early diagnostics and perform screening.
Diagnostics of mammary glands:
– mammography, tomosynthesis;
– magnetic resonance;
Treatment of breast cancer
Treatment of breast cancer must be performed in specialised centres or departments where therapy is ensured by a team of multidisciplinary breast cancer specialists: surgeon, radiation therapist, oncologist chemotherapist, radiation diagnostician and pathologist (histologist) which specialise specifically in breast cancer diagnostics and treatment. This multidisciplinary team can also include a plastic surgeon, psychologist, physiotherapist, geneticist and nurses that specialise in the field of breast diseases.
When diagnosis of breast cancer is clinically and radiologically established and morphologically confirmed, the treatment is normally devised by a multidisciplinary council. When every case is evaluated by such council, the chances of successful treatment increase.
Surgical treatment comprises of:
Removal of tumour is the simplest, yet at the same time, fundamentally important stage of breast surgery. As oncology surgery developed, mastectomy more often is replaced by breast preserving operation.
Collaboration between oncology surgeons and plastic surgeons becomes much closer. It also allows breast surgeons during operations to reconstruct the breast using silicone implants, to transfer levers freely from another anatomic region to cover defects left after oncology operation. Breast reconstruction can be performed right after oncology operation (single-stage operation), as well as later (delayed reconstruction), when mammary glands are reconstructed after the completion of systemic (chemotherapy) and/ or local (radiation) therapy.
After plastic and reconstructive surgery joined operative breast surgery, the boundary between oncology stage and aesthetic stage reduced. Current breast cancer surgery balances carefully between oncology and aesthetic principles.
It is possible to achieve a visually perfect aesthetic result after implant surgeries using paramedical treatments. Sometimes, after mastectomy operations, when the breast gland is removed due to a malignant tumour, a breast prosthetic implant is inserted and a non-aesthetic scar remains around the areola which can and should be masked following the areola or the surrounding tissues. If the breast areola is missing, it can be reconstructed using 3D drawing.
Breast cancer combined treatment often includes radiation therapy. Its side effect could be partial alopecia (hair loss). In this case micro pigmentation is a great solution to this problem.
For many years skin cancer has been ranked number one among all other types of oncology diseases.
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer. It develops from cells called melanocytes in which pigment melanin is formed. Melanoma looks like a birthmark which grows and changes. It could develop from an existing birthmark, as well as appear on unaffected skin anywhere on the body.
Melanoma diagnostic methods:
Treatment of melanoma:
If malignant tumour is discovered in due time, it is possible to excise it and fully cure the patient, however, if it has spread into the organs – lungs, kidneys, brain or bones, treatment becomes complicated and chances of full recovery become very small.
Oncology diseases are normally related to aging, whereas some diseases, such as cervical cancer, can also arise in young girls.
Among gynecological oncology diseases endometrial cancer is one of the prognostic benign tumors, since symptoms show up at a very early stage in the form of bleeding from genitals. All women after the age of 40 must undergo a check-up if there are any alterations to the regular menstrual cycle, and in all cases women have to have a check-up if there are any discharges during menopause. During menopause discharges don’t always have to be blood-stained – these can be light pink or completely clear discharges from genitals.
Patients are more protected against cervical cancer when they undergo cervical screenings every three years. This frequency of screenings is completely sufficient. The test results are a way to protect patients from the development of cervical cancer. There shouldn’t be any cases of cervical cancer in a normal conscious society, since this disease has a long development period (10-15 years) which gives doctors a chance to detect it at the early stages of epithelium damage when CIN I, CIN II or CIN III are identified.
Blood-tinged discharges from genitals after sexual intercourse is a very typical symptom of cervical cancer.
With ovarian cancer it is more complicated, for there is still no such examination that a woman could undergo as a preventive measure and thus protect herself from ovarian cancer. The only recommendations that exist are for the patients with a proven mutation in one of the BRCA genes.
Throughout the history ovarian cancer used to be called “the silent killer”, because the first symptoms of ovarian cancer are extremely non-specific and normally neither patient nor primary care specialist suspects the presence of this dangerous disease. Normally there are complaints about increased belly size, different kinds of eating disorders, epigastric fullness, which become more pronounced over time. Pain is not a very typical sign of ovarian cancer. The main complaints are about a buildup of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Treatment of gynecological oncology diseases: